Photo: Mike Sumner

Origin: America

Classification: Light

The Buff is named for the rich cinnamon colour of its body feathers. The breed was recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1874 but very few now exist in America and there is no longer a standard for it there. The breed was extremely popular in Britain at the turn of the last century with its own Buff Turkey Club in the early 1900s.

Colour: male and female

Head: Red, changeable to bluish white

Beak: Light horn.

Eyes: Iris dark hazel, pupil blue-black.

Throat-wattle: Bright rich red.

Plumage in both sexes: A deep cinnamon buff.

Flights and secondaries: Very pale buff.

Tail: Deep cinnamon buff throughout edged with a paler band at the tip.

Legs and Feet: Pink and flesh

Toenails: Light horn.


Mature stag 10kgs – 12.7kgs (22lbs – 28lbs).

Young stag 7.25kgs – 10.4kgs (16lbs – 23lbs)

Mature hen 5.4kgs – 8.1kgs (12lbs – 18lbs).

Young hen 3.6kgs – 6.3kgs (8lbs – 14 lbs)


Any black on feathering. More than one third any colour other than buff showing in either primaries, secondaries, or main tail feathers.

Day-old poults

A pale creamy brown throughout.

From the Countess of Lonsdale’s stud at Lowther Poultry Farm, Penrith, approved by The Buff Turkey Club, 1933.